Findings

2008 Farm Bill

The 2008 Farm Bill directed current policies of the Conservation Reserve Program and provided funds for the Voluntary Public Access Hunter Incentive Program (VPAHIP) popularly known as "Open Fields."

AFWA and USFWS Letter Regarding Coordination

The US Fish and Wildlife Service and the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies agreed to establish a small state-federal working group. The goal of the working group is to increase communication between state and federal agencies and tackle opportunities for "quick wins."

Agency efforts to clarify the permiting process for commercial filming and photography

Under the Department of the Interior the BLM, the USDA, the USFWS and the NPS have taken different approaches to educating people on commercial filming and photography on public lands. The BLM has created a webpage to educate those conducting commercial filming and photography on all BLM lands. On the other hand, the NPS, the USFWS and the USDA have separate webpages for individual national forests, parks and wildlife refuges.

American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009

While the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 included "cap and trade" and carbon exchanges, the bill did not pass.

American Petroleum Institute-Hydraulic Fracturing

The American Petroleum Institute is a trade organization for the oil and gas industry. They provide information and guidance on best management practices, including, for example, hydraulic fracturing.

Americorps

Americorps's website.

An example of an urban center for outdoor activities

While there are not many examples for shooting ranges as parts of urban centers for outdoor activities, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources's Outdoor Adventure and Discovery Center, with an archery range, could be a blueprint for future centers.

Article in Fuelfix

In an article in Fuelfix, it describes Sen. Mary Landrieu's, D-La., and Sen. Lisa Murkowski's, R-Alaska, effort to draft legislation on revenue sharing from oil and gas.

Background Legislation

The Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 retroactively extended the conservation tax incentives of 50% to 100% for 2010 and 2011.

Black Wolf Hunting Club

Hunting clubs, particularly in the south, exist that specifically promote hunting to minorities.

BLM Master Lease Planning Process

In 2010 the BLM reformed its oil and gas leasing process and created master leasing plans. Part of this process is to identify key wildlife issues and identify higher-level development mitigation measures.

BLM's Ongoing Efforts to Update Rules

The BLM's efforts to update rules are ongoing. The emergence of hydraulic fracturing is an example of new technology driving updating rules and best management.

Bureau of Land Management Information on Pilot Offices

While the pilot offices were created, they were no longer funded.

Bureau of Land Management's Tread Lightly

The Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) Tread Lightly Program is an example of government, industry, and non-governmental (501(c)3) partners and volunteers working in partnership on marketing programs for outdoor recreation.

California's Landscape Solar Assessment

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the state of California have developed a landscape scale plan for solar. Additionally the BLM in partnership with U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program to assess impacts of solar development at a regional level that includes the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah. Part of these assessments include environmental impacts including wildlife.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS

1) National Park Service (NPS) Federal law enforcement managers undergo rigorous law enforcement training, quarterly weapons qualifications, and an annual comprehensive battery of testing, all of which are mandated and regulated under federal regulation. Natural Resource Managers undergo firearms training and qualifications for such practices as culling, wildlife research activities and the dispatch of injured wildlife as necessary. Federal NPS managers qualify with both traditional and non lead ammunition.

2) In 2013, NPS set aside funding to develop comprehensive natural resource law and policy training for NPS natural resource managers. Specifically, work is being done to address consistent interpretation and implementation of 43 CFR 24, which will be followed by incorporation into NPS training modules at all levels.

3) NPS has a draft Ungulate Plan that will provide direction to NPS employees on native and non-native ungulate management. A key component of the plan is that active ungulate management is necessary in many situations in contrast to “let nature take its course management” that has been the unwritten policy for many years. The document emphasis collaboration with such stakeholders as adjacent land management agencies, states and private landowners.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS

Many MOU’s and MOA’s currently exist between NPS and other federal (BLM, USFS, BOR) and state agencies that address cooperation, mutual mission respect, and habitat and wildlife conservation. Some examples include:

1) Memorandum of Understanding for the Continuation of the Conservation and Management of Western Grassland Ecosystems and Species of Conservation Concern January 1, 2011-September 30, 2015. The purpose of this MOU, under the auspices of WAFWA, is for the interagency cooperation in conservation and management of species associated with prairie and desert grassland ecosystem of the western great plains including Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming and Utah.

2) NPS has drafted language to include in the MOU between Federal Lands Hunting, Fishing, and Shooting Sports Roundtable. If the language is incorporated, NPS may become a signatory to the MOU. The purpose of which is to develop and expand a framework of cooperation among the Parties at the national, regional, and local levels for planning and implementing mutually beneficial projects and activities related to hunting, fishing, and shooting sports conducted on federal lands where authorized. These activities and projects will complement the respective missions of the Parties and serve the mutual interests of the Parties and the public.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS has conducted an internal assessment of ungulate fertility control and is developing a report and guidance to parks on the NPS contemporary view of fertility control. While NPS guidance does not require concurrence with states, it builds on research that states have done on the efficacy of immunocontraceptives.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS uses a variety of tools including hunting, culling by federal agency personnel, culling by skilled volunteers (e.g. Theodore Roosevelt NP and Rocky Mountain NP), and/or a combination of the above (Apostle Island NL – hunting and skilled volunteers) to directly manage nonnative and overabundant native ungulates to meet resource management objectives. All such operations are mandated to utilize non-lead ammunition. Hunting is mandated or authorized in sixty-one NPS units. These units are designated primarily as National Rivers, Lakeshores, Seashores, Recreation Areas, Preserves, and Monuments.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS has a senior biologist and advisor on staff whose primary responsibility is to facilitate information flow and discussions between NPS and states. This employee is a retired CO DPW employee.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS has helped develop management plans for:
o Indo-Pacific lionfish - Lionfish have potential impacts to many reef fish such as snappers and grouper.
o Upper Mississippi River basin Asian carp
o Western U.S. quagga and zebra mussels. Fifty-four parks are at risk for quagga/zebra mussel contamination. Parks in the Colorado basin spend nearly $1M each per year on mussel management and additional investments have been directed to law enforcement and regulation evaluations.
o Lake trout eradication in Yellowstone Lake is proposed to benefit Yellowstone cutthroats.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS has identified over 230 terrestrial and aquatic invasive animals that are having significant impacts on NPS resources and the landscapes and communities in which they are imbedded including:
o Non-native salmonids in many parks;
o Feral swine at Big Bend, Pinnacles, Big Cypress, Great Smoky Mountains, Big Cypress and Haleakala - feral swine impact threatened and endangered species and native wildlife habitat for such species as white-tailed deer and black bear.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

From 2011-2013 the NPS has invested $14.5 million annually to combat invasive species in parks through exotic plant management teams, public education, and vector control. Additionally, in FY 2012, NPS allocated $5.23M to treat invasive plant species. Work was carried out in 230 parks by 16 Exotic Plant Management Teams. NPS also partners with other federal, state, and NGOs to control exotic plants including buffelgrass in the southwest.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

Cases exist of the National Park Service improving hunting opportunities for the disabled. For example, a hunters with disabilities hunt is held to help control Sika deer populations in Assateague Island National Seashore. The hunt is conducted in partnership with the National Wild Turkey Federation’s Wheelin’ Sportsmen Outreach Program.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

Legislation was passed allowing concealed carry on NPS lands according to state law under the Section 512 of the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009. In addition, NPS is working on enabling archery hunters to access adjacent lands authorized for hunting by passing through NPS lands with disabled weapons.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS has met with representatives from the Federal Lands Hunting, Fishing, and Shooting Sports Roundtable and has drafted language to include in the MOU. If language is incorporated, NPS may become a signatory to the MOU.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

Completing a state-sactioned hunter education course is not a National Park Service Requirement requirement. Existing training includes:
o NPS Federal law enforcement managers undergo rigorous law enforcement training, quarterly weapons qualifications, all of which are mandated and regulated under federal regulation. Natural Resource Managers undergo training and qualifications for such practices as culling, wildlife research activities and the dispatch of injured wildlife as necessary. Federal NPS managers qualify with both traditional and non lead ammunition.
o NPS is currently developing a comprehensive natural resource law and policy training for NPS natural resource managers.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

The National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Pass is available for free to U.S. military members and dependents in the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard and also, Reserve and National Guard members. Each pass covers entrance fees at national parks, national wildlife refuges, standard amenity fees at national forests and grasslands, and at lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management and Bureau of Reclamation. A pass covers entrance and standard amenity fees for a driver and all passengers in a personal vehicle at per vehicle fee areas (or up to four adults at sites that charge per person).

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS has published regulations that enable appropriate filming under a permit system.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS released a Climate Change Action Plan in November 2012 as a supplement to the Park Service's Climate Change Response Strategy. The eight emphasis areas in the Action Plan are: Enhance Workforce Climate Literacy, Engage Youth & Their Families, Develop Effective Planning Frameworks & Guidance, Provide Climate Change Science to Parks, Implement the Green Parks Plan, Foster Robust Partnerships, Apply Appropriate Adaptation Tools & Options, and Strengthen Communication.

Communication with Bert Frost and Elaine Leslie of the NPS 2.14.13

NPS participates on multiple AFWA committees including the AFWA Energy and Wildlife Policy Committee.

Communication with Carol Bambery General Counsel AFWA 3.19.13

In communication with Carol Bambery, General Counsel for the Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies, she indicated the the Recreational Fishing and Hunting Heritage Act, introduced as part of the Sportsmen Package, has language that clearly enhances state agencies' roles. Although the Sportsmen Package was not passed, she signaled it will be re-introduced this term.

Communication with Dave Gagner, NFWF, 3.15.13

Communication with Dave Gagner, Director of Government Relations at the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, provided information on this action item.

Communication with Jonathan Birdsong

Communication with Jonathan Birdsong, Principal at BlueWater Strategies, provided information on this action.

Communication with Laury Parramore at the USFWS

In communications with Laury Parramore, Partnerships Project Officer at U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, she confirmed there is an efforts to collect and organize all USFWS MOUs. The USFWS is conducting ongoing work an effort to make available all MOUs and formal partnership agreements, but no evidence exists indicating departmental efforts in collecting MOUs.

Communication with Mitch Butler

Mitch Butler, Consultant at Natural Resource Results, provided information for the analysis of this action.

Communication with Tom Franklin

Communication with Tom Franklin, Senior Director of Science and Policy at the Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership, informed the assessment of this action.

Congressional Budget Office Fiscal Cliff Report

Conservation and Reinvestment Act (CARA)

Conservation Leaders for Tomorrow

The Conservation Leaders for Tomorrow is a non profit with the goal "to identify future and current leaders of the natural resource profession who do not hunt and provide them with an understanding of the diverse values and important roles of hunting and its impact on conservation." The CLfT, in partnership with the National Conservation Training Center, conducts training for federal employees on the history, ecology and management of hunting, albeit not specifically on public land.

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) convenes every two to three years to discuss matters of trade in endangered species.

Draft Legislation Authorizing the WHHCC

Draft legislation authorizing the WHHCC has been drafted but not introduced.

Efforts of the National Wildlife Refuge System

National Wildlife Refuges provide opportunities to hunt for persons with disabilities. Examples include the Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge and the Lost Mound Unit of the Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge amongst others.

Electronig Hunting Games

There are many examples of hunting games for Wii, Kinect, Xbox, PS3, Android and the iPhone. Additionally there are apps that help hunters learn about their surroundings, but there does not appear to be games or apps that promote nature acronyms for texting.

Email Announcement of Firearms Excise Tax Improvement Act of 2010 (H.R. 5552)

Larry Keane announced the passage of the FET Improvement Act on NSSF's blog and NSSF announced passage via a news release.

Email Corresondence with Bill Van Pelt

Bill Van Pelt, the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies' Grassland Coordinator at Arizona Game and Fish Department indicated in e-mail correspondence that WAFWA is working with the Natural Resources Conservation Service to expand funding for grasslands conservation on private lands for the Black-footed Ferret via the Working Lands Initiative.

Email Correspndence with Karen Prentice 4.26.13

In correspondence with Karen Prentice, National Healthy Landscapes Coordinator, she indicated:
"BLM is adopting a landscape approach and has begun to develop tools for landscape-level collaboration with local, state, and federal agencies, conservation groups, and landowners. For example, BLM has completed two Rapid Ecoregional Assessments, has twelve additional REAs scheduled for completion by 2016, and will consider the REA information and similar information from other large-scale assessments in the identification of habitat core areas and corridors, and establishment of restoration priorities. BLM has restated its commitment to strategic restoration and partnership in Winning the Challenges of the Future and is currently establishing BLM funding targets for five year programs of work within currently and newly identified areas for restoration. BLM coordinates with place-based partners such as the Malpei Borderlands Group and regional partnerships such as the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives to work on a landscape level."

Email Correspondence with Bill Van Pelt 2.11.13

Bill Van Pelt, the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies' Grassland Coordinator, indicated that WAFWA is currently developing common metrics, but has focused its efforts on the Lesser Prairie Chicken.

Email Correspondence with E. Dwight Fielder 5.13.13

In email correspondence with E. Dwight Fielder, Chief Division of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, he wrote,

"WO-300 fluid minerals staff and WO-200 have jointly developed oil and gas master leasing plans and general leasing reform policy. The two staffs are also working closely to improve the NEPA analysis for federal coal leasing, with particular emphasis on long range rail transport and eventual export of federal coal to overseas markets. This improved analysis will better inform BLM coal leasing decisions in response to growing concerns about greenhouse gas emissions."

Email Correspondence with E. Dwight Fielder 5.13.13

In email correspondence with Dwight Fielder, Chief of the Division of Fish and Wildlife at the Bureau of Land Management, he wrote,

• "The BLM uses several approaches to avoid or mitigate environmental impacts of energy development. These include policy development through instruction memoranda (IM), development of planning and NEPA “tools,” training courses and broadcasts, and engagement with other BLM directorates, stakeholders and Tribes."

• "BLM signed a Record of Decision (ROD) for the Wind Energy Development Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) and Associated Land Use Plan Amendments in January of 2006."

• "Issued policy on Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act – Golden Eagle National Environmental Policy Act and Avian Protection Plan Guidance for Renewable Energy (IM 2010-156)."

• "Issued Policy on Pre-Application and Screening - Solar and Wind Energy Applications (IM 2011-061) and Due Diligence - Solar and Wind Energy Applications (IM-2011-060)."

• "BLM formed an interagency Rapid Response Transmission Team (RRTT) to promote improved NEPA compliance for large, complex priority transmission projects designed predominantly to integrate remotely generated wind energy into the national electricity grid."

Email Correspondence with E. Dwight Fielder 5.13.13

In email correspondence with Dwight Fielder, Chief of the Division of Fish and Wildlife at the Bureau of Land Management, he wrote,

"Upon completion of the Rapid Ecoregional Assessments, development can be directed to the most appropriate areas (away from areas with high conservation value). BLM issued policy on use of CHATS and when these are all in place it should greatly reduce development in migration corridors and crucial habitats.

Secretary Salazar signed the Final Solar Energy Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Record of Decision, which identified and prioritized large-scale solar energy development of 17 solar energy zones (SEZs) on 285,000 acres of public land in October 2012. This directs how ROW leases for all utility-scale solar energy development projects on BLM lands are administered and established its own applicable environmental policies and design features. These SEZs incentivize development of leases within these SEZs, that have minimal impact on fish and wildlife resources."

Email Correspondence with E. Dwight Fielder 5.13.13

In an email correspondence with Dwight Fielder, Chief of the Division of Fish and Wildlife at the Bureau of Land Management, he wrote,

"Cost recovery fees are collected after a right-of-way application for renewable energy development is submitted and a cost recovery agreement is established with the applicant (43 CFR 2804.14). There are currently no provisions in the right-of-way regulations for pre-application fees. However, IM 2011-061 will assist in prioritizing the processing of applications and is anticipated to reduce overall workloads. The processing of solar and wind energy development right-of-way applications are subject to the cost recovery provisions of the right-of-way regulations."

Email Correspondence with E. Dwight Fielder 5.7.13

In email correspondence with Dwight Fielder, Chief of the Division of Fish and Wildlife Conservation at the BLM, he wrote,

• "Federal agencies can keep an electronic library of routinely useful analytical information and text for use in new NEPA documents."

• "Agencies can retain cooperating agencies in state and local government."

• "The BLM is expanding the use of ePlanning across the BLM to streamline the preparation of planning and NEPA documents. ePlanning is a suite of integrated software tools that support planning and NEPA by facilitating development and review of draft documents, acceptance of public comments, maintenance of a centralized library of document templates, and online access to planning and NEPA documents."

• "The BLM published “A Desk Guide to Cooperating Agency Relationships and Coordination with Intergovernmental Partners” in 2012, updating the 2005 edition. The BLM also offers and participates in cooperating agency and coordination workshops and training sessions for state and local governments, conservation districts, and other partners to increase understanding of opportunities to work together through the NEPA and resource management planning processes."

Email Correspondence with Jim Perry 4.29.13

In email correspondence Jim Perry, Division of Fluid Minerals at the Bureau of Land Management, wrote,

"BLM has deferred many lease parcels based on wildlife concerns until new RMPs are in place. An updated policy on BMPs was issued in 2007 and in 2012 a policy was issued on prevention of direct wildlife mortality during oil and gas operations. The BLM is currently working on a Regional Mitigation Manual Section as an update to its existing Offsite Mitigation policy. The new Manual Section will place a greater focus on a Regional Mitigation, essentially a landscape approach to mitigation. This will include pre-identifying areas for wildlife habitat enhancement or conservation."

Email Correspondence with Jim Perry 4.29.13

In email correspondence with Jim Perry, Division of Fluid Minerals, wrote,

(Complete) "The IM was never reissued, but was instead incorporated into the BLM’s 2005 Land Use Planning Handbook H-1610-1, Page 47, E. “Status of Existing Decisions During the Amendment or Revision Process.”"

Email Correspondence with Jim Perry 4.29.13

In email correspondence with Jim Perry, Senior Natural Resources Specialist in the Division of Fluid Minerals at the Bureau of Land Management, he wrote,

"BLM policy was issued that requires the use of State Wildlife Action Plans and CHATs, as appropriate, in the land use planning process."

Email Correspondence with Jim Perry 4.29.13

Jim Perry, Senior Natural Resources Specialist in the Division of Fluid Minerals at the Bureau of Land Management, indicated that trade leases are done on a case-by-case basis and are rare.

Email Correspondence with Jim Perry 4.29.13

In email correspondence with Jim Perry, Senior Natural Resources Specialist in the Division of Fluid Minerals at the Bureau of Land Management, he wrote,

"The concept of incentivizing solar development and encouraging development at predetermined locations is being pioneered through the Dry Lake Solar project in Nevada and other solar and wind development focus areas."

Email Correspondence with Jim Perry 4.29.13

In an email correspondence with Jim Perry, Senior Natural Resources Specialist in the Division of Fluid Minerals at the Bureau of Land Management, he wrote,

"In 2008, BLM joined with various partners to form the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative which covers 19 million acres of public, private, state, and FS administered lands in south western WY. WLCI has a continuing Multi-phased Wildlife Friendly Fencing Initiative as well as an active Easement Acquisition program."

Email Correspondence with Jim Perry 4.29.13

In email correspondence with Jim Perry, Senior Natural Resources Specialist in the Division of Fluid Minerals at the Bureau of Land Management, he indicated that year-round drilling proposals in exchange for increased use of best management practices is happening on a case-by-case basis.

Email Correspondence with Jim Perry 4.29.13

In an email correspondence with Jim Perry, Senior Natural Resources Specialist in the Division of Fluid Minerals at the Bureau of Land Management, he wrote,

"The BLM has developed and presents at least once per year two, week-long and different oil and gas surface management training courses which place a focus on environmentally responsible oil and gas development: 1) Surface Management of Fluid Minerals; and, 2) Construction and Reclamation for Fluid Minerals."

Email Correspondence with Karen Prentice 4.26.13

Karen Prentice, National Healthy Landscapes Coordinator at the Bureau of Land Management, indicates:
"Since the inception of the HLI in 2007, the Bureau of Land Management has secured funding for the Healthy Landscapes program, and has improved its capacity to conduct landscape-level work that conserves working lands and benefits wildlife and habitat conservation. Healthy Landscapes funds have been used in partnership with federal and state agencies, non-governmental organizations, Tribes, and private individuals to complete landscape scale conservation projects throughout the western states including more than 1.7 million acres of treatments in New Mexico through the Restore New Mexico program, more than 1 million acres of treatments in Utah in partnership with the Utah Watershed Initiative, and hundreds of thousands of acres of restoration projects through such partnerships as the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative, the Great Basin Restoration Initiative, and many lesser known projects coordinated at District Office levels. Although exact rates vary project to project, BLM’s HL funds are typically leveraged at a 5:1 ratio. It should be noted that requests for Healthy Landscapes funding far outstrip available funds. BLM’s restoration work complements and is often coordinated with state and local level partners as well as with similar landscape-level initiatives at NRCS, USFS, and other Federal Land Management agencies."

Email Correspondence with Ron Regan 5.3.13

Ron Regan, Executive Director of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, indicated that there has not been any substantive action towards developing a model initiative.

Email Correspondence with Ron Regan 5.3.13

In correspondence with Ron Regan, the Executive Director of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, he wrote,

"The Association (of Fish and Wildlife Agencies) has engaged in such discussions via the Council to Advance Hunting and Shooting Sports and Annual Industry-Agency Summits. In addition, WMI (Wildlife Management Institute) has a person under contract that is beginning to explore policy needs or gaps with industry and the Excise Tax Working Group. These collaborations and discussions are in early stages of discussion."

Email Correspondence with Susan Mangin, Executive Secretary, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force

In an email correspondence with Susan Mangin, Executive Secretary, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, she wrote:

"The FWS has assessed the risk of impact on native species and their habitats from invasive species at highest risk of introduction, establishment and spread in the U.S. This information is used by the Service to promulgate injurious wildlife regulations and shared with partners, including industry and States, so appropriate risk management actions can be taken. For example, the Department of Interior expects to enter into a Memorandum of Understanding with industry to not begin trade in certain high-risk species."

Email Correspondence with Susan Mangin, Executive Secretary, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force

In an email correspondence with Susan Mangin, Executive Secretary, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, she wrote,

"Quagga and zebra mussels can have devastating impacts on aquatic ecosystems. The ANSTF-approved Quagga – Zebra Mussel Action Plan for Western U.S. Waters provides a list of high priority actions to address these invasive mussels. These priorities include the need for inspection and decontamination of watercraft at infested waters."

Email Correspondence with Susan Mangin, Executive Secretary, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force

In an email correspondence with Susan Mangin, Executive Secretary, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, she wrote,

"AIS issues coordinated by the ANSTF focus on their impact to aquatic ecosystem and the economy and not specifically fishing. However, since AIS impact aquatic ecosystems, they may also impact fishing. For instance, Asian carp potentially can cause changes to aquatic ecosystems that could jeopardize native aquatic species."

"Through injurious wildlife regulations, four constrictors snakes have been listed that have impacted native wildlife in Florida."

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants Recovery Crediting Guidance

The guidance established a framework for federal agencies to use mitigation for the recovery of threatened and endangered species.

Example Grassland Programs

There are many examples of inter-agency, cooperative initiatives for grassland restoration in both the Midwest and in Florida. These initiatives partner with private landowners to accelerate restoration. For example, the Grasslands Reserve Program creates partnerships with farmers to limit development on lands while continuing grazing opportunities on grasslands.

Examples of state efforts

Many states have established one-stop-shops for their own state's public lands. Some examples include Minnesota's Recreation Compass and Florida's Outdoor Recreation Inventory. Both use interactive GIS style website that allow for interactive browsing of public lands.

Examples of the DOI's efforts

The Department of the Interior has two good examples of connecting with school programs: Get Outdoors and Youth in the Great Outdoors.

Executive Order 13443

Executive Order 13514

In Executive Order 13514 the President set guidance for federal agencies "...to establish an integrated strategy towards sustainability inthe Federal Government and to make reduction of greenhouse gasemissions a priority..."

Existing State Examples

There are historic and current examples of ballot initiatives to increase funding for wildlife. Missouri passed a sales tax for wildlife in 1976 and Minnesota, more recently, passed a sales tax for conservation in 2008.

Families Afield

The Families Afield program continues to have successes in creating opportunities for youths to hunt. Additional hurdles remain as 17 states have yet to create additional hunting opportunities for youths.

Federal Efforts Addressing Wildlife Impacts Due to Wind Farms

Three DOI bureaus, the Fish and Wildlife Service, Geological Survey, and National Park Service, have recently recommended that research related to wind energy development is high priority in the Upper Midwest.

A joint partnership between the USGS Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center (UMESC) and Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK) was formed to address wind energy impacts on birds with the goal of developing a three-dimensional model to assess wind energy impacts to crane populations at Horicon National Wildlife Refuge (NWR).

In 2010 the partnership secured additional funds through a USGS/BRD Alternative Energy Request proposal. The long-term goal of the program is to develop, validate and implement a scalable landscape (or waterscape) two- and three-dimensional decision support tool that managers can use to assess potential turbine encounter risk and habitat avoidance of birds in areas being considered for wind development.

Federeral Agencies' Use of New Media

Federal agencies have adopted the usage of many new media sites such as Facebook, YouTube and Flickr.

Firearms Excise Tax Improvement Act of 2010

Freedom of Information Act

Full text of the Freedom of Information Act and a link to the website for the Department of Justice that provides additional information on the Freedom of Information Act.

Geocaching outreach directed at youth

There are many examples of geocaching being promoted in both the private and public sector.

Healthy Forests Initiative

Passed on December 3, 2003, the Healthy Forests Restoration Act (HR 1904) included measures to reduce the amount dense undergrowth in forests that fuels catastrophic fires through thinning and prescribed burns. The right tax incentives could help encourage producers to assist with the thinning of trees in accordance with this act or provide a market for the removed woody biomass materials.

Hunting License Trends

Both the Council to Advance Hunting and Shooting Sports as well as the National Shooting Sports Foundation sponsor research on license sales, recruitment and retention.

Hunting opportunities for disabled vetrans

Both the NRCS, USFWS and the BLM are providing hunting opportunities for disabled veterans. Evidence for agency action is found in their public outreach. Additionally, the BLM employs a national accessibility coordinator with additional state level accessibility staff.

IDEA at the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

This action is complete. IDEA funds are directed to the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. The BP oil spill is an example of IDEA working.

Individual Examples of Hunting Opportunities on DOD Bases

Hunting opportunities exist on many Department of Defense bases. However, these opportunities are not necessarily expanding.

Industry and NGO Use of New Media

Instruction Memorandum - Fluid Mineral Leasing and Related Planning and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Processes

Intermountain Oil and Gas BMP Project

The Intermountain Oil and Gas BMP Project maintains a database of BMP's for the oil and gas industry and also conducts workshops and presentations. Topics for the oil and gas BMP workshops include issues of wildlife conservation.

Interview and Email Correspondence with Paige Pearson of the Council to Advance Hunting and Shooting Sports 5.29.13

An interview and email correspondence with Paige Pearson, Marketing Project Manager for the Council to Advance Hunting and the Shooting Sports, informed the evaluation of this action item.

Interview of Bill Creighton 2.7.13

In communication with Bill Creighton, President of the Hunting and Shooting Sports Council, he indicated that the effort is being discussed, but not complete.

Interview with Bill Creighton 2.7.13

In an interview with Bill Creighton of the Shooting Council, he indicated that the Council is in the process of implementing a communication strategy to help unify messaging, tools and process between state agencies and NGO's.

Interview with Bill Creighton 2.7.13

In an interview with Bill Creighton, he stated that while conversations have occurred regarding model legislation, no states have attempted the undertaking. One possibility, he stated, would be to normalize data that is generated by the state and use the sale of that data to generate revenues for the state.

Interview with Carol Bambery AFWA 2.26.13

Carol Bambery of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (AFWA) stated that there has not been model legislation written, but AFWA is developing a jurisdictional training module for federal agencies on jurisdiction. She indicated that statutes already address jurisdiction and responsibilities, but there is some concerns amongst states regarding the new chronic wasting disease rule.

Interview with Carol Bambery AFWA 2.26.13

Carol Bambery at AFWA stated many states already have a tax. Therefore, a new tax may not make sense. She questions whether states are having a problem finding match dollars as she has not heard of a problem getting matching funds. Therefore, she said it may be necessary to explore if there is indeed a need.

Interview with Dante Zuniga-West 4.12.13

Dante Zuniga-West is an Afro-Latino outdoor writer for Eugene Daily News, Eugene Weekly, Eugene Magazine, and Exito Magazine (latino interest magazine). He has a blog that documents his experiences hunting and fishing in the pacific northwest.

Interview with Dave Nomsen 4.2.13

In an interview with Dave Nomsen, Vice President of Government Affairs at Pheasants Forever, he stated cellulosic ethanol is likely still ten years out.

Interview with Dave Nomsen, Vice President Government Affairs at Pheasants Forever, 3.6.13

Dave Nomsen indicated in an interview that updates for the timing and amount of CRP payment rates are occurring at the state level; however, using CRP to promote other goals, such as increased access, prioritizing enrollment of best habitat, and continuity of large landscapes, has not occurred.

Interview with Dave Nomsen, Vice President of Government Affairs at Pheasants Forever 3.6.13

Dave Nomsen indicated in an interview that under the 2008 Farm Bill, the USDA is allowed to use the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) to access current rental rate information. The intent of the addition was to give access to more current rental rates to keep prices competitive. However, there is no mandate or policy as to how often rental rates are updated.

Interview with Dave Tenney 2.7.13

In an interview with Dave Tenney, Director of the National Alliance of Forest Owners (NAFO), he indicated that there are not necessarily new tax incentives for maintaining forested lands, but that maintaining the three current Federal timber tax provisions are of importance to the NAFO for maintaining family-owned private lands.

Interview with Donny Adair 4.12.13

Donny Adair, the founder of the African American Hunting Association, has created a website and a dvd series focusing on the African American hunting experience with the goal to "increase involvement of African American individuals and families in hunting and associated outdoor sports such as camping, hiking, fishing, biking, photography, etc." . "Donny's efforts to promote hunting has been published in many magazines, including "Outside."

Interview with Jen Mock-Schaeffer 5.2.13

An interview with Jen Mock Schaeffer, Government Affairs Director at Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, provided information on this action item.

Interview with Joanna Prukop 2.12.13

An interview with Joanna Prukop informed the assessments of these action items.

Interview with Joanna Prukop 5.8.13

An interview with Joanna Prukop, WHHCC Councilperson and former New Mexico Secretary of Energy, Minerals & Natural Resources, informed this action.

Interview with Kevin Kilcullen USFWS 2.13.13

In an interview with Kevin Kilcullen he stated that while a model law that would improve state funding would be beneficial, that he is not aware of one at this time.

Interview with Kevin Kilcullen USFWS 2.13.13

In an interview with Kevin Kilcullen of the USFWS service, he stated that there is a lot of coordination going on and that the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives are a good venue for coordination. Additionally, refuges 15-year plans are another venue for communication and coordination. Finally, state wildlife actions plans are a state venue that could fold in federal partners.

Interview with Melissa Simpson 3.18.13

An interview of Melissa Simpson, Director of Government Affairs at the Safari Club International, provided information and direction on this action.

Interview with Ron Regan

In an interview with Ron Regan of AFWA, he stated that states are aware that regulations can be a barrier and are looking to simplify regulations. The effort is ongoing.

Interview with Ron Regan and Carol Bambery

Ron Regan indicated in an interview that federal technical assistance is not occurring, but that access on private property could be promoted, via state statute, in exchange for property tax relief.

Interview with Ron Regan and Carol Bambery

An interview with Ron Regan and Carol Bambery of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies provided information and direction on these actions.

Interview with Ron Regan and Carol Bambery of AFWA

Ron Regand and Carol Brambery of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies indicated there are a number of states that have dropped the minimum age for licensing. Additionally, many states changed current hunter education efforts and requirement. AFWA in coordination with the International Hunter Education Association are looking at ways to streamline the certification process and make it more uniform. In general, quite a bit of work has occurred on all these fronts.

Interview with Ron Regan and Carol Bambery of AFWA 2.8.13

In an interview with Carol Bambery, Association Counsel for the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, sh stated, cooperation agency status is a good tool, albeit underutilized. In addition, state agencies would use it more if promoted by federal agencies.

Interview with Ron Regan and Carol Bambery of AFWA 2.8.13

Ron Regan, Executive Director of the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies, indicated that The Council to Advance Hunting and shooting Sports is positioning itself to complete this action. Additionally, AFWA is creating a new technology committee to direct states on how to best digitally communicate to customers. Finally, the Round Table is pushing for an inventory of federal lands open to hunting and fishing.

Interview with Susan Recce 1.30.13

An interview of Susan Recce Director, Conservation, Wildlife and Natural Resources at National Rifle Association provided information on these actions and sub-actions.

Interview with Werner Barz 5.24.13

In an interview with Werner Barz, Outdoor Recreational Specialist at US Fish and Wildlife Service, he stated the explaining the North American Model is part of the curricula in the Youth Outdoors Skills training courses.

Interview with Werner Barz 5.24.13

In an interview with Werner Barz, Outdoor Recreational Specialist at US Fish and Wildlife Service, he said the topic of impacts to wildlife populations are covered in coursework at the National Conservation Training Center in their Refuge Management Academy and the Advanced Refuge Management Academy. Although, an examination of the curricula indicates that these course are heavily based upon the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). While the NEPA process will address impacts to wildlife populations, it may not specifically address impacts to hunting opportunities.

Interview with Werner Barz 5.24.13

In an interview with Werner Barz, Outdoor Recreational Specialist at US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), he indicated the USFWS's hunting, fishing and outdoor recreation implementation team is attempting to enhance opportunities for education and outreach to public and private landowners, but not specifically to private landowners. However, many examples exist of outreach to private landowners.

Interview with Werner Barz 5.24.13

In an interview with Werner Barz, Outdoor Recreational Specialist at US Fish and Wildlife Service, he gave an example of a grant funded by the National Archery in the Schools Program to the American Indian Scouting Association to attend an archery program.

Landscape Conservation Cooperatives

The USFWS's Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC's) have as their mission, "to provide the science and technical expertise needed to support conservation planning at landscape scales..." As part of this effort, LCC's bring together various stakeholders at a cross boundary level to address broader habitat issues. Therefore, LCC's may provide a venue for formal, routine communication and coordination.

Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC's)

The goal of LLC's is to work with states, tribes, federal agencies, non-governmental organizations, universities and amongst others to address landscape-scale conservation issues.

Legislation Supporting Continuity of Large Landscapes

Proposed legislation that defers inheritance tax on farms and ranches.

Let's Move

Let's Move and Let's Move Outside are initiatives by First Lady Michelle Obama to promote exercise and reduce obesity.

Letter in Support of Conservation Funding

The WHHCC took action to recommend continued conservation funding for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Catalyzed by President Obama's September 8th speech on the American Jobs Act, the WHHCC resent a letter in support of conservation funding.

Making Public Lands Public

Bills entitled "Making Public Lands Public" have been introduced in both the House and the Senate. These bills would allocate 1.5% of the requested dollars for the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act to making difficult to access federally owned lands more available to public access.

MOU Between Western Governor's Association and Federal Agencies

In June, 2009 the Western Governor's Association, the U.S. Department of the Interior, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Energy entered a memorandum of understanding on coordination in identification and uniform mapping of wildlife corridors and crucial habitat.

National Association of Conservation Districts

While educational materials are available through the National Association of Conservation Districts, the materials do not address invasive species issues.

National Conservation Training Center

The National Conservation Training Center provides a venue for educating federal employees on wildlife, conservation and hunting.

National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy

The National Fish, Wildlife & Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy was developed in response to calls from Congress for a unified strategy to safeguard natural resources from climate change. The National Fish, Wildlife & Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy is co-chaired by USFWS, NOAA and the State of New York with a cooperative agreement with the Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies and a steering committee of federal, state and tribal representatives.

National Military Fish & Wildlife Association

The National Military Fish & Wildlife Association's Fish and Wildlife Recreation Working Group focuses specifically on opportunities for hunting, fishing, trapping, wildlife-viewing, and camping on Department of Defense lands.

National Park Service Exmamples of Hunting as a Management Tool

The Rocky Mountain National Park's Elk and Vegetation Management Plan and The Theodore Roosevelt National Park Elk Management Plan are both examples of the National Park Service using hunters as a wildlife management tool.

Natural Resources Conservation Service National Resource Inventory

Data from the National Resources Inventory and CRP enrollment shows a plateauing trend of total acres of CRP land per year through 2007. This trend has likely decreased in recent years due to commodity prices.

NatureServe

While not specific to Executive Order 13443, NatureServe, "...whose mission is to provide the scientific basis for effective conservation action.," is an example of expanding conservation databases.

New media and hunting

New forms of media, particularly YouTube and Facebook, are flush with topics and channels for hunting that are unrelated to governmental, non-governmental organizations or industry.

Non-Governmental Outreach on WSFR

Non-governmental organizations, such as the National Shooting Sports Foundation, have conducted outreach on WSFR. NSF, in partnership with many other organizations, launched a website dedicated to WSFR.

North American Wetlands Conservation Act

The North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA) provides matching grants to fund wetlands conservation projects in the United States, Canada, and Mexico to benefit waterfowl and other wildlife.

North American Wetlands Conservation Act (NAWCA)

For additional information, please see the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's website on the North American Wetlands Conservation Act.

NRA Public Range Fund

In email communication on 2.5.13 Brian Hyder, General Operations Program Development, indicated that the NRA's Public Range Fund provides funding for shooting ranges. This grant program partners with counties, state and federal agencies and military bases to construct shooting ranges. The program has funded 27 ranges since 2009. Although, currently only one shooting range in Cheyenne, Wyoming is on the outskirts of town and the others are rural. Therefore, as indicated by Brian, there is opportunity for urban ranges in the future.

NRCS Sage Grouse Initiative

Through the Sage Grouse Initiative, the Bureau of Land Management and the Fish and Wildlife Service are cooperating to protect sage grouse habitat on private lands.

Oil and Gas Leasing Reform – Land Use Planning and Lease Parcel Reviews

"This Instruction Memorandum (IM) establishes a process for ensuring orderly, effective, timely, and environmentally responsible leasing of oil and gas resources on Federal lands."

Pacific Forest Trust

Via its Working Forests, Winning Climate the Pacific Forest Trust is developing research and metrics to understand carbon sequestration on forest. Many of these projects are on private lands.

Progress on Cellulosic Ethanol Reported by the USDA

Protect our Prairies Act

The Protect our Prairies Act was introduced on February 14, 2013. This legislation would amend the Federal Crop Insurance Act to ensure that federal dollars are not used to subsidize the removal of native prairies.

Recreation.gov

Recreation.gov provides a search engine for finding outdoor recreational opportunities through search terms such as city or zip code, but it does not map or allow searching for hunting specific recreation.

Recreation.gov

Recreation.gov provides a searchable database to find activities and destinations for outdoor recreation, but does not provide hunting specific information.

Recreational Boating and Fishing Foundation

Rocky Mountain Front

The Rocky Mountain Front is an example of federal and state partners prioritizing conservation for wildlife corridors.

Roundtable Memorandum of Understanding

The Federal Lands Hunting, Fishing, and Shooting Sports Roundtable Memorandum of Understanding includes the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Bureau of Land Management and many non-governmental hunting, recreation and outdoor organizations. The purpose of the MOU is to expand beneficial hunting, fishing, and shooting sports on federal lands.

State Examples of Outreach on the FET

State agencies have conducted outreach on the FET particularly around the Wildlife & Sport Fish Restoration 75th anniversary. Examples include the state of Arizona, Michigan and South Carolina. Arizona's "America's Wildlife:Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow" targets students and includes information on the FET.

State Healthy Land Initiatives

Examples of state Healthy Land Initiatives include New Mexico and Utah.

State Initiatives

There are many examples of state initiatives that promote woody biomass utilization.

State Mapping Tools

State agencies such as the Arizona Game and Fish Department and Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks have integrated wildlife data into mapping tools to share uniform mapping information.

Strategic Habitat Conservation

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service reports that the strategic habitat conservation (SHC) "approach is built on five main components : (1) biological planning – working with partners to establish shared conservation targets and measurable biological objectives (i.e. population) for these outcomes, and identify limiting factors affecting our shared conservation targets; (2) conservation design – creating tools that allow us to direct conservation actions to most effectively contribute to measurable biological outcomes, (3) conservation delivery – working collaboratively with a broad range of partners to create and carry out conservation strategies with value at multiple spatial scales, and (4) outcome-based monitoring – evaluating the effectiveness of conservation actions in reaching biological outcomes and to adapt future planning and delivery and (5) assumption driven research – testing assumptions made during biological planning to refine future plans and actions. Both monitoring and research help us learn from our decisions and activities and improve them over time."

Sunday Hunting Coalition

The Coalition to Lift State Bans on Sunday Hunting is a multi-organization group that is addressing restrictions to Sunday hunting.

Target Practice and 5 Marksmanship Training Support Act

Senator Udall proposed S. 1249 the "Target Practice and Marksmanship Training Support Act." If passed, this bill would have amended the Pittman-Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act to provide federal support to states for the construction of target ranges.

Tax incentive for reducing AGI

While the Pension Protection Act of 2006 raised; for qualified farmers, ranchers, and woodland owners; the deduction percentage to 100%, the adjusted gross income deductible cap has yet to be expanded to 100% for donation of conservation easements in all land enrolled in state access programs.

Teaming with Wildlife

Teaming with Wildlife is a coalition of state fish & wildlife agencies, wildlife biologists, hunters, anglers, birdwatchers, hikers, nature-based businesses, and other conservationists.

Technology Implemented at Pinedale Anticline

Directional drilling is occurring at the Pinedale Anticline Project Area (PAPA). This technology has allowed for a greater number of wells with less surface area impacts. In addition, liquid gathering systems allow for eliminating storage tanks and reducing volatile organic compounds release.

Text of Proposed Legislation

Text for legislation to promote woody biomass cellulosic ethanol.

The American Wildlife Conservation Partners (AWCP)

The AWCP is a group of organizations dedicated to the "...implementation and fulfillment of the Ten-Year Action Plan resulting from the 2008 North American Wildlife Policy Conference."

The Aquatic Nuisnace Species Task Force

The Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force is an intergovernmental organization created to implement Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act (NANPCA) of 1990. The goal of the task force is to control the expansion and prevent the introduction of aquatic nuisance species.

The Council to Advance Hunting and Shooting Sports

The Council to Advance Hunting and Shooting Sports is a collaboration of NGO's, the private sector and state fish and wildlife agencies. The council's goal is to revisit hunter recruitment and retention to promote and sustain future hunting and shooting sports in the United States.

The Department of the Interior Adaptive Management Manual

The Department of the Interior has published an Adaptive Management Implementation Policy.

The Federal Advisory Committee Act

This is the full text of the Federal Advisory Committee Act with annotations.

The Federal Duck Stamp

The Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp (Duck Stamp) provides funding for the lease or purchase of wetlands.

The Federal Interagency Coordination on Outdoor Recreation

The Federal Interagency Coordination on Outdoor Recreation (FICOR) was established as a part of the America's Great Outdoors Initiative. One of the roles of FICOR is to coordinate on outdoor recreational opportunities. FICOR includes the US Forest Service, the Department of the Interior, the US Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Park Service, the US Army Corps of Engineers and NOAA, but does not include state or tribal entities.

The Grassland Reserve Program

The Grassland Reserve Program is a voluntary program through the US Department of Agriculture that promotes conservation of grasslands by providing funding for long-term conservation while allowing grazing of grasslands.

The High Lonesome Ranch

The Theodore Roosevelt Conservation Partnership and the High Lonesome Ranch are creating an example of developing oil and gas while minimizing impacts to wildlife.

The Hunting Heritage Action Plan

The Hunting Heritage Action Plan, working with AFWA, developed model statute language to shield landowners from liability sustained by recreational land users.

The Land & Water Conservation Fund

The Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) Program is a matching funding source that states and local governments can use for acquiring areas for outdoor recreation.

The National Archery in the Schools Program

The National Archery in the Schools Program (NASP) partners with schools to promote target archery in school curricula.

The National Conservation Leadership Institute

The National Conservation Leadership Institute (NCLI) provides leadership training for federal agencies, state agencies, tribes, NGOs, or industry employees.

The National Invasive Species Council (NISC)

The NISC provides a federal platform for inter-agency coordination on invasive species issues and engages non-federal partners to address federal-level invasive species concerns.

The National Shooting Sports Foundation Assessment of Hunting Safety

The National Shooting Sports Foundation (NSSF) conducted research on the total number of injuries versus the number of participants for various activities and compared this data to hunting.

The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation

The Wildlife Society and Boone & Crockett Club jointly published a paper on the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation. It explains the major tenants of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation.

The Northeast Deer Technical Committee

Regionally based species based technical work groups are an example of expanding and enhancing cross-boundary efforts to use hunting as a management tool. For example, the Northeast Deer Technical Committee's came to the conclusion in their report, "An Evaluation of Deer Management Options," that hunting "is an ecologically sound, socially beneficial, and fiscally responsible method of managing deer populations."

The President's 2013 Budget

The President's 2013 Budget which includes dollars for Making Public Lands Public.

The Sportsmen's Act of 2012

The Trust for Public Land

In Wyoming, the Trust for Public Land has bought back oil and gas leases. One example is the Hoback Drilling Leases Acquired from PXP.

The US Department of the Interior Office of Financial Management

The US Department of the Interior Office of Financial Management as part of their overall budget analysis annually reviews the budget for the Bureau of Land Management.

The US Fish and Wildlife Service's Response to Climate Change

The US Fish and Wildlife Service has responded to the threat of climate change by:
1) Co-developing the National Fish, Wildlife and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy.
2) Assisting in creating a National Biological Inventory and Monitoring Partnership that will study climate change effects on the distribution and abundance of fish, wildlife and habitat.
3) Creating Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCC's).
4) Focusing on conservation for at risk species.
5) Conducting wildlife conservation outreach to stakeholders in energy development and policy.

The USFW's Outreach on WSFR

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has conducted outreach on WSFR.

The Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

The The Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies is an example of routine coordination and communication between wildlife managers.

The WHHCC Letter to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior on Energy Development

The WHHCC sent a letter to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior over concerns of declining mule deer and sage grouse populations. The council specifically recommended:
1) Instructing field staff to adhere to planning requirements specifically around state agency population objectives of mule deer, sage grouse and other wildlife.
2) Instruct BLM Districts in the western states to use RMP revisions following the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Afencies Mule Deer Working Group Guidelines and the WAFWA Greater Sage-grouse comprehensive Conservation Strategy.
3) Follow current DOI policy on adaptive management.

Transportation Committee information

The current Transportation Bill did not include provisions for establishing a Federal Open Trails public land access program nor for assessing current practices and developing recommendations for wildlife friendly construction.

U.S. Army BRAC Division

A review of the U.S. Army's BRAC Division website gives no indication of exploring shooting ranges and hunting opportunities during army base closures.

U.S. Census Bureau National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (FHWAR)

While not driven by the Council to Advance Hunting and Shooting Sports, the National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, & Wildlife (FHWAR) via the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Suvey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation is a source of data on recruitment and retention trends.

U.S. Geological Survey Science for the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative

The U.S. Geological Survey Science for the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative 2010 Report details work activities on the WLCI.

United States Global Change Research Program

University of Minnesota Extensions Outline of Woody Biomass Incentives

The University of Minnesota Extensions has reviewed federal policies and incentives that promote the use of woody biomass. They identify tax credits for woody biomass available in The Energy Policy Act of 2005 and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.

US Climate Change Science Program

The US Climate Change Science Program appears to be defunct.

US Forest Service Appropriations Use Handbook

The US Forest Service Appropriations Use Handbook outlines how funds are appropriated.

US Forest Service Woody Biomass Utilization

USDA Farm Service Agency CRP Statistics

Under the United States Department of Agriculture, the Farm Service Agency provides statistical information on the Conservation Reserve Program. An analysis of this information shows a decrease in acres enrolled in CRP from a peak of 36.8 million acres in 2007 to 27.1 million acres in January, 2013.

USDA Wildlife Friendly Fencing Activity

The USDA NRCS has developed a wildlife friendly fencing activity.

USFWS Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines

The USFWS has published voluntary Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines that minimizes impacts to wildlife and habitat.

USFWS Refuge Vision Document

An excerpt from the US Fish and Wildlife Services National Wildlife Refuge System "Vision Document" shows the USFWS's intent to train its employees of the importance of hunting, fishing and outdoor skills on refuges.

"Development of a Hunting, Fishing, Outdoor Skills Course for Refuge Employees: This course would be focused towards Refuge managers that may have limited or no prior Hunting or Fishing experience or administering of these types of programs. Suggested Topics includes NEPA, 605 FW Policy, 603 FW Policy, CCP and implementation. Although these topics are discussed in Refuge Management and Advanced Management Academy, a more in depth course for personnel with little or no experience is suggested. Also consider other resources such as Conservation Leaders for Tomorrow, hosted by Wildlife Management Institute with NCTC, and other partner resources in order to maximize reach with limited resources."

USFWS State Wildlife Grant Program

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's State Wildlife Grant Program provides funds to do State Wildlife Action Plans.

USFWS Websites

The US Fish and Wildlife Service has developed two websites for finding information on hunting on refuges and the Waterfowl Production Area Mapper.

USGS Assessment of Carbon Sequestration of Coastal Redwood Forests

The USGS is researching the potential for carbon sequestration in the Redwood National and State Parks.

Voluntary Public Access And Habitat Incentive Program

Through federal excise tax dollars and the USDA, the Voluntary Public Access-Hunter Incentive Program provides federal funds to promote hunter access. Montana and Michigan's state programs are examples of hunter access programs.

Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program

The Voluntary Public Access and Habitat Incentive Program (VPA-HIP) provides federal funds, through the US Department of Agriculture, to state and tribal entities. Through this program, states and tribes may encourage private landowners to allow hunter access for outdoor recreation.

WAFWA Energy Development Guidelines for Mule Deer

The Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies' Mule Deer Working Group developed a report, "Energy Development Guidelines for Mule Deer," that identified state concerns, guidelines and habitat mitigation options.

Western Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies Prairie Grasslands Ecosystem Initiative

The Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies' Grassland Initiative (WGI) is an example of a grasslands initiative that used an MOU between states and federal agencies as a starting place to coordinate conservation, and then transitioned to an ecosystem conservation approach of grassland ecosystems. In 2011 the WGI integrated companion, species-specific efforts (prairie dog, black-footed ferret, etc.) to a broader conservation effort.

Western Governor's Association Initiative on Weather and Climate Risk

In partnership with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Western Governors' Association (WGA) publishes a Quarterly Climate Impacts and Outlook to assist resource managers in planning. In addition, wildlife impacts due to climate change is being addressed through the WGA's Wildlife Corridors Initiative.

Western Governor's Association's Initiative on Wildlife Corridors and Crucial Habitat

The Western Governors' Association is developing policy and tools to identify and address wildlife corridors and crucial habitat for better land use planning.

Western Governors' Association Regional Transmission Expansion Planning

The Western Governors' Association Regional Transmission Expansion Planning takes important steps toward identifying the Western Renewable Energy Zones. These areas are located throughout the Western Interconnection. They feature the potential for large-scale development of renewable resources in areas with low environmental impacts. The stakeholders will continue to work toward refining Western Renewable Energy Zones by implementing additional screens that balance the benefits of renewable energy development with the need to protect wildlife and crucial habitat.

WHHCC Charter

The WHHCC Charter's Description of Duties specifically outlines, "Implementing the Recreational Hunting and Wildlife Resource Conservation Plan-A Ten- Year Plan for Implementation" as a responsibility.

WHHCC Comments on U.S. Forest Service Planning Rule

The WHHCC addressed concerns regarding the U.S. Forest Service's proposed Planning Rule with USDA and the USFS. The letter addressed the lack of addressing hunting in the rule. In addition, the letter specifically addressed issues in the proposed rule regarding monitoring requirements and coordination between federal and state agencies.

WHHCC Letter Commenting on the Vision Document for the National Wildlife Refuge System

The WHHCC sent a letter to the Department of the Interior commenting on the vision document for the National Wildlife Refuge System. The WHHCC called for further emphasis on the role of hunters and anglers in wildlife conservation. Additionally the WHHCC suggested additional employee training for employees about the North American model for conservation and specifically drew attention to action items 23, 24 and 25 in the Recreational Hunting and Wildlife Conservation Plan. The WHHCC followed up the letter to the DOI with a subsequent letter to the Fish and Wildlife Service reiterating its support and willingness to provide implementation teams on: strategic growth; communications; hunting, fishing and outdoor recreation; and interpretation and education.

WHHCC Letter in Support of Funding NAWCA, SWG and WRP

The WHHCC sent letters to the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture urging their continued support for funding NAWCA, SWG and WRP.

WHHCC Letter on Hunting and Shooting Sports Recruitment and Retention

The WHHCC sent letters to the secretaries of the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture to promote hunting and shooting sports. These letters addressed actions related to access, funding, recruitment and coordination.

WHHCC Letter on the Dakota Grasslands Conservation Area

The WHHCC sent letters to the secretaries of the Departments of Interior and Agriculture in support of the Dakota Grasslands Conservation Area.

WHHCC Letter on the Dedication of Clean Water Act Penalties for the Gulf Oil Spill

The WHHCC sent letters to the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture urging that Clean Water Act penalties paid by British Petroleum be dedicated towards restoring wetlands in the areas affected. While the letter does not address specific actions in the 10-Year plan, the letter does address seeking increased public and private funding for wildlife conservation.

WHHCC Letter Regarding Restoring the Clean Water Act

The WHHCC sent letters to the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture in support of restoring the federal government's authority to regulate impacts to wetlands and streams under the Clean Water Act. While the letter does not address specific actions in the 10-Year Plan, the letter does more generally address improving wildlife habitat conservation.

WHHCC Letter Regarding the Development of Biofuels on CRP Lands

The WHHCC sent letters to the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture regarding their concerns for biofuels production on CRP lands.

WHHCC Letter Supporting Funding Research

The WHHCC sent a letter to the DOI and the USDA urging both agencies to maintain adequate funding for their science-based research programs and projects. While this letter did not specifically address action items in the 10-Year Plan, the letter did generally support the WHHCC's goal of increasing (maintaining) public and private funding for wildlife conservation.

WHHCC Letter to the BLM Regarding Managing Recreational Shooting on BLM Lands

The WHHCC sent a letter to the BLM informing the director that the WHHCC established an ad hoc group to work with the BLM to support recreational shooting on BLM lands. The group will also give specific recommendations issues related to access.

WHHCC Letter to the BLM with Addressing the Proposed Recreational Shooting Policy

The WHHCC raised concerns with the BLM regarding their recreational shooting policy. The WHHCC advocated for maintaining access to recreational shooting opportunities. Additionally, the WHHCC pushed for continued communication and coordination with governmental and non-profit partners to ensure future opportunities for recreational shooting.

WHHCC Letter to the DOI Regarding Standard Mitigation Framework

The WHHCC identified the need for a comprehensive approach to mitigating energy projects on federal lands. Therefore, the WHHCC sent a letter to the Department of the Interior with suggestions for a compensatory mitigation program. The WHHCC proposed using a mitigation hierarchy, a process for establishing ecological value, quantifying unavoidable impacts and monitoring, amongst others other suggestions, as a way to standardize protocols and assess mitigation.

WHHCC Letter to the DOI Regarding the BLM's Solar Programmatic Impact Statement

The letter from the WHHCC to the DOI regarding the BLM's solar programmatic impact addresses the WHHCC's concerns over developing solar energy on public lands. In particular, the WHHCC expressed concern over impacts to wildlife, habitat and habitat connectivity. While the ten year action plan addresses developing oil and gas on public lands, developing solar energy has many of the same concerns. The recommendations made by the WHHCC regarding solar development may be transferable to oil an gas development.

WHHCC Letter to the DOI Regarding WSFR Sequestration

The WHHCC sent a letter to the DOI regarding the potential for the sequestration of WSFR funds. The WHHCC requested consideration for an exemption of sequestration for WSFR funds. While this letter does not address any specific action item in the 10-Year Plan, the letter does address the WHHCC's larger goal of increasing, or in this case maintaining, public an private funding for wildlife conservation.

WHHCC Letter to the DOI Urging Participation in the EPA's Assessment of hte Proposed Pebble Mine

The WHHCC sent a letter to the DOI urging their participation in the EPA's review of the impacts of the proposed Pebble Mine. While the letter does not address a specific action item of the 10-Year Plan, it is an example of the WHHCC's efforts to improve wildlife habitat conservation.

WHHCC Letter to the USDA Offering Assistance to Coordinate with AFWA

The Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies contacting the WHHCC requesting the council's assistance in fostering a collaborative relationship with federal agencies. In response, the WHHCC sent a letter to the DOI and USDA offering its assistance to coordinate discussion between AFWA and federal agencies.

WHHCC Letter to the USDA Regarding Managing for Healthy Forests

The WHHCC sent a letter to the USDA thanking the Secretary for the Forest Service's assistance. In the letter, the WHHCC generally supported improving wildlife habitat conservation and voices its support for investments in managing healthy forests.

WHHCC Letter to the USDA Regarding the Farm Bill

The WHHCC sent a letter to the USDA in support of funding in the Farm Bill for conservation programs such as CRP.

WHHCC Letter to the USDA Regarding the Federal Budget

The letter by the WHHCC to the USDA outlines the economic benefits of hunting and requests continued funding that can leverage federal conservation spending with matching non-federal funds.

WHHCC Letter to the USFWS Regarding Trophy Importation

The WHHCC sent a letter to the USFWS regarding concerns the committee has regarding seizures of imported trophies. As a result the WHHCC created an ad hoc group to address concerns with CITES and trophy importation. This group identified eight recommendations to changes in the USFW's approach to international trophy importation that the WHHCC subsequently sent to the USFWS. By creating this group and making recommendations for improvement, the WHHCC assisted in coordinating federal and international action.

WHHCC Letters Addressing Concerns Over the Possible Closure of the Sonoran Desert National Monument to Recreational Shooting

The WHHCC drafted four letters addressing its concerns over the potential loss of public access to federal lands for recreational shooting. Three were sent to to the BLM and one to the DOI. In addition, in response to a perceived risk to public lands from recreational shooters (trash, etc.), the Council recommended implementing an education program by Tread Lightly! called "Respected Access is Open Access."

WHHCC Support for the Land and Water Conservation Fund

The WHHCC sent two letters to the USDA. One in support for full funding of the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Additionally, the WHHCC, sent a letter to the USDA advocating for funds from the LWCF to be used to support hunter access to public lands.

Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council

The Wildlife and Hunting Heritage Conservation Council has been authorized until February 2, 2014. Prior to the date of termination, the council may be renewed in accordance with Section 14 of the FACA.

Wind Energy Development Programmatic EIS

In 2005 the Department of the Interior published a Wind Energy Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) that, while not a national strategy, provides an assessment of wind development.

Wounded veterans program to promote hunting and fishing

The Wounded Warrior Project provides opportunities for recovery through shooting sports and fishing via Project Odyssey. In addition, Operations Injured Soldiers assists wounded veterans to participate in hunting and fishing and Project Healing Waters uses fly fishing as a rehabilitation tool.

Wyoming Land Trust- Corridor Conservation Campaign

The Wyoming Land Trust is working with its partners to identify wildlife corridors, inventorying fencing and contacting landowners regarding their fencing options.

Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative

The Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative was the basis for the Healthy Lands Initiative. The website describes it as "a long-term science based effort to assess and enhance aquatic and terrestrial habitats at a landscape scale in southwest Wyoming, while facilitating responsible development through local collaboration and partnerships."

Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative- Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge Project

In 2009, the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative, in coordination with the USFWS, improved the Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge boundary fence for pronghorn antelope migration.

Youth Conservation Corps

The Youth Conservation Corps provides opportunities for youths to get paid to work on public parks.

Zurich Insurance Group

Zurich Insurance Group is a multinational insurance group with product specifically addressing carbon sequestration.